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HIV Prevention

District 4 Public Health - HIV Prevention

HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. Over time, HIV can destroy CD4 cells (or T cells), which help the body fight off infections and diseases.

Only certain body fluids from a person who has HIV can transmit HIV: blood, pre-seminal fluid/semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids and breast milk. It CANNOT be transmitted through air or water, saliva, insects, or sharing food and drink.

HIV is most commonly transmitted through sexual behaviors and needle or syringe use. Risky sexual behaviors include having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom. People with another sexually transmitted disease (STD) are at increased risk of getting or transmitting HIV. It can also be spread when injecting drugs, if users share needles or works with someone who has HIV. The virus can live in a used needle up to 42 days.

Symptoms

Some people may experience flu-like symptoms within 2 to 4 weeks after infection. Though symptoms may last for a few days or several weeks, some people may not show any at all. If you notice any the symptoms, pictured below, after a potential exposure to HIV, see a health care provider and tell them about your risk. The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested, as these symptoms could indicate other illnesses.

If untreated, the HIV virus can allow opportunistic infections or cancers to take advantage of the weakened immune system, signifying the last stage of HIV/AIDS. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), can be fatal without treatment.

Prevention and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)

A significant way to lower your risk of HIV is to practice safe lifestyle habits. You can protect yourself by not having sex, having sex with only one uninfected partner who only has sex with you, using a condom during each sexual encounter, and/or only using sterile needles.

If you are at very high risk for HIV from sex or injecting drugs, you can greatly reduce your risk of HIV infection by taking daily HIV prevention medication, called PrEP. PrEP prevents HIV from taking hold and spreading throughout your body. When taken daily, PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99%, reduces the risk of getting HIV from injecting drugs by 74%, and is even more effective if combined with other preventative measures.

PrEP referrals are available in our 12 county health departments.

 

What is PrEP?

Testing

In Georgia, one in five individuals with HIV don’t know they’re HIV positive. The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your status is important because it helps you make healthy decisions to prevent getting or transmitting HIV.

The CDC recommends everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care, and more often if you are at a higher risk of getting HIV. At our clinics, we provide blood tests and check swabs, with a completely confidential process.

There is no cure for HIV, but there are medications that can limit damage to the immune system, improve the health of people living with HIV, reduce their ability to transmit HIV, and allow people with HIV to live long and healthy lives.

HIV Basics: Testing, Prevention, and Living with HIV

 

Free HIV At-Home Self-Test Kits Available!

HIV self-testing allows you to get tested and learn your status in the privacy of your own home. Results from the self-test are available in about 20 minutes. You can select to have the manufacturer mail HIV self-test kits to you AT NO COST or elect to pick one up in-person at our Henry or Troup County Health Departments.  Scan the QR code below OR click here to complete the pre-survey and order your test and once you take your test, please complete the post-survey you will receive in your email.

Services

  • Confidential HIV test (provided for free)
  • Evaluation for PrEP
  • Condoms (provided for free)
  • Referrals for other services
  • Other STD/STI testing as needed
  • Free condoms shipped to your door; just click the link and take this quick survey (LIMITATIONS: Must live in District 4, must be over the age of 18, packs are limited to those listed in the survey, one order per month). Orders are shipped on Wednesdays. Please call 706.298.7733 with questions or concerns.

We also partner with the Ryan White Clinic at AID Atlanta Newnan. At this location, patients can receive comprehensive support services such as HIV primary medical care, medical case management, medication assistance, housing services, behavioral health, and a range of educational programs to increase client knowledge and life skills.

Patients

All health departments offer HIV screening and prevention to all individuals. Testing for HIV is free, and fees for our other clinic and lab services are available on a sliding scale fee based on income.